According to statistics of the World Health Organization, there are more than 100 complications of diabetes. It is the most known chronic diease with the highest complication risk. The followings are some common complications caused by diabetes.
1) Increased risk of hyperlipidemia and coronary heart disease. High blood sugar can cause metabolic abnormalities, bad cholesterol tends to accumulate in the blood vessels, cardiovascular disease will block the disease on a large scale.
2) Deterioration of vision. Including cataract, glaucoma, retinopathy, etc. Hyperglycemia can cause small blood vessels on the retina to be damaged, leading to ischemia and fluid leakage, affecting the function of photoreceptors in the eyes.
3) Oral bacterial infections. Elevated blood glucose causes patients with poor white blood cell function to proliferate, resulting in bacterial infection. Poor control results in decreased oral immunity. The overall incidence of oral disease associated with diabetes is 83%, which is 2-3 times higher than normal.
4)Foot numbness. Damaged nerves in the feet can cause you to lose sensation such as pain. Feet can become easily infected without any symtoms. In very severe cases, bad infections just keep getting worse, causing skin tissue to die. This is what leads to the need for amputations.
5) In addition, diabetics patients, especially those with insulin deficiency or insulin resistance, are very prone to diabetic osteoporosis.