Research shows that women who wear high heels have shorter muscle fibres and thicker and stiffer Achilles’ tendons. In the long run, this limits the motions of the ankle and heels-wearer will find it painful to walk in flat-soled shoes. The occasional swapping between flat-soled shoes and high heels will help to keep your tendons stretched and will also prevent aching feet. Also, regular stretching relieves the tensed muscle fibers. It is important to choose your shoes wisely. Platform shoes are often better than stilettos, and always opt for shoes with a snug fit.
There are 200 diagnosed cases of Cervical Cancer yearly. Being infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), early sexual contact, multiple sexual partners, smoking, having a weakened immune system and taking oral contraceptives expose females to higher risk of contracting Cervical Cancer. Cervical cancer often does not present itself with signs or symptoms until it has progressed to an advanced stage. If you are sexually active, it is important to visit your doctor for a pap smear every three years. Load your body with raspberries as the Ellagic Acid in these berries have been clinically proven to possibly kill off HPV and inhibit cancer growth.
Weight gain during pregnancy varies among women. If you are underweight (BMI <18.5), you should gain 12.5-18kg. If your weight is normal (BMI 18.5-25), the recommended weight gain is 11.5-16kg. For overweight mother-to-be (BMI 25.1-29.9), the weight gain should between 7-11.5kg. For those who are obese, the weight gain should be less than 7kg. Avoid sudden and excessive weight gain as these are associated with adverse health effects such as pregnancy induced hypertension, gestational diabetes and complications during delivery.
Mothers need to take in additional calories during pregnancy for natural weight gain. However, the extra calorie that are needed are not as high as most mothers think. Pregnant women only need to add about 100kcal for the first trimester, and add another 200kcal for the second and third trimester. A cup of soy milk supplies you with your excess calorie needs for the first trimester, and a medium-sized banana, an apple or a cup of soy milk with a piece of digestive biscuit provides you with the extra nutrients needed during second and third trimester.
The earlier Breast Cancer is diagnosed, the better the prognosis. All females should start conducting breast self-exam from the age of 20. To do a breast self-exam, lie on your back and put your right hand behind your head. Use three fingers from left hand to feel for lumps at right breast. Move your fingers around your breast in a circular movement from the outer edge to nipple area. Repeat the same steps for left breast. Do this self-exam at the same time every month either a few days after the start of your period or on first day of starting on a new pack of oral contraceptive pills.
Leukorrhea is a thick, whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge which is caused by inflammation and infection around the vaginal areas as well as the usage of vaginal deodorants. Power up your own immune defence system through the intake of probiotics which may help to inhibit the growth of yeast and other microbes that can possibly lead to abnormal discharge. Pick underwear made of cotton and avoid nylon as nylon retains sweat and increases the risk of infection. Good hygiene and a well-balanced diet are essential to reduce the risk of infections.
An excess caffeine intake may lead to low birth weight and miscarriage. Caffeine may affect a baby’s growth as it can constrict blood vessels and limit the nutrient that are supplies to baby. Also, caffeine inhibits iron absorption. The low iron stores at the fetal stage leads to a higher risk of iron deficiency during infant development. Yet, pregnant mothers need not avoid caffeine totally. The American Dietetic Association suggests 300mg daily (equals to 3 cups of coffee) as the upper limit of caffeine intake for pregnant women. Other sources of Caffeine include tea, soda, chocolates and energy drink!
Research findings from the California Teachers Study points at the reduced risk of Breast Cancer with the reduced use of Hormone Therapy (HT) at peri-menopausal stage. Prolonged use of HT may be linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, stroke, ovarian cancer, and endometrial cancer. As your body undergoes menopause, try to rely on natural plant-based alternatives instead. Try Maca (Lepidium Peruvianum), clinically proven to support hormonal imbalances, to improve mood and regulates stress. Many women find this Maca boon to improving menopausal symptoms.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) includes irritability, mood swings, water retention, bloating, and headaches. Interestingly, PMS can account for more than 50% of the sick leave women take at work. Research by the National Institute of Health shows that women under stress have moderate to severe symptoms during menstruation. Solutions? Pick a sport - running, tennis, aerobic dancing, or any other kind of intensive exercise! This boosts serotonin levels, also known as the ‘happy’ hormone, which helps to reduce or even prevent PMS. Plus, exercise is a good stress buster too!